Review what Complementary colors are
Things to remember
1. Remember how our eye sees when looking through air. Value differences decrease with distance: the lights get darker and the darks get lighter. Values get closer together. You will not use pure white or pure black in distant areas of your painting.
2. All things have a basic color. This color (hue) does not change. We can only alter the basic color of objects. If we want to paint a red apple, then we will use variations of the red color. In other words, we will use red as our mother color and just add other colors to it to make variations we see in the apple which help us make the apple have volume instead of laying flat on the paper.
3. It helps to remember to use three values for our darks and three for our lights.
4. Colors in the light sides of objects are painted using warm colors.
5. Colors in the distant side of objects are painted with cool colors, but note that distant objects with light sides are painted with warms, but have cools mixed in too. The exception can be the light side of clouds. For clouds in the sun, you begin with ice cold white, tined with warms such as orange, cad red or cad yellow.
6. Colors in the dark side of objects are painted using cool colors.
When in doubt about a shadow color, use FUB.
&. Shadows are lighter as they move away from the object making the shadow.
Warm colors (light sides)
Cad Yellow Medium
Cadmium Orange (high value)
Burnt Sienna (Dark Value Orange)
Cool Colors (Dark sides)
Lemon yellow (Hansa yellow/Azo yellow or Yellow ochre
Yellow Ochre, Burnt Umber mixed with yellow Ochre